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GEOPRO Consortium consists of 12 partners, across UK and Europe. All the partners have complementary expertise necessary to develop, disseminate and exploit the project. 



Established in Cambridge, UK in 1946 and with several facilities across the globe, TWI Ltd (www.twi-global.com) is one of the world-leading not-for-profit research and technology organisations with a turnover in 2016 of £60m (€69.8million). From bases in the UK, South East Asia, India, the Middle East, Central Asia and the USA, nearly 800 staff provide expertise in joining and fabrication, material science and structural integrity. Services include generic research; contract R&D; technical information; engineering services and advice; standards development; and training and qualification services.

TWI is internationally renowned for its ability to employ multidisciplinary, impartial teams to implement both established and advanced joining technologies, or to solve problems arising at any stage of the product life cycle from initial design, materials selection, production and quality assurance, through to in-service performance, repair and life extension. TWI also has representation on over 100 standards committees.

TWI therefore has the ideal credentials to deliver a successful project, on time and within budget with a higher than normal chance of product exploitation at the end of the project and particularly where the project developments are highly relevant to their industrial membership that currently consists of 1800 organisations in 70 countries.


Involvement in the Project:

Coordinating the project, leading the dissemination & exploitation activities. Build a reactor that can correct for the redox contribution of even Ti under highly aggressive conditions, thus making the most accurate reactor for the experimentation where redox reactions take place.



The University of Iceland (UoI), founded in 1911, is a research led state university, situated in the heart of Reykjavík, the capital of Iceland. A modern, diversified and rapidly developing institution, the University of Iceland offers internationally competitive undergraduate and graduate programs based on the Bologna system. The University employs over 1.500 people and has over 14.000 students of which there are close to 500 PhD students. The Times Higher Education Supplement ranks UoI at 222 for the top Universities in the world. The Department of Industrial Eng., Mechanical Eng. and Computer Science, at the School of Engineering and Natural Sciences (SENS), has a staff of 38 and 13 PhD students. The Faculty has a strong international research cooperation and obtains research funding from both National and International sources. The University of Iceland has participated in numerous projects under the FP6, FP7 and H2020, both as a coordinator and as a project partner. The UoI has participated in 52 FP7 projects where SENS participated in 32 FP7 projects, thereof one ERC project. SENS also participates actively in a multitude of Nordic, national and international projects funded by NASA and NIH.

 Involvement in the project:

Determine the solubility of important minerals to provide a basis for assessing scaling and corrosion potential, develop semi-empirical thermodynamic models.


ETH Zurich is an internationally leading technical university. ETH’s Department of Earth Sciences that participates in this call hosts over 300 scientists in 20+ research groups in nearly all fields of geology, geophysics, and geochemistry, and has consistently been ranked the world’s first over the last five years. Over the last ca. 15 years ETHZ has developed a large initiative in geothermal research, culminating in becoming the leading house of the Swiss Competence Centre on Energy Research SCCER-SoE (www.sccer-soe.ch). ETHZ has been and is a major or leading player in several recent large international and national geothermal research projects, e.g. .FP7/H2020/Geothermica  ERA-NET  STREST,  IMAGE,  GEISER,  EPOS,  SERA,  DESTRESS, HEATSTORE as well as numerous mediums to large-scale national projects such as GEOTHERM, GEOBEST, GEOSIM, COTHERM, and others. A current high-profile activity is in situ experimentation on hydraulic stimulation and other geothermal reservoir technologies in deep underground laboratories.


Involvement in the project:

Offer expertise in reservoir modelling to perform experimentally based thermodynamic and kinetic model extensions for gas dissolution in high mixed solute concentrations.



The Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) (National Centre for Scientific Research) is a government-funded research organization under the administrative authority of French Ministry in charge of research. As the largest fundamental research organization in Europe, CNRS is involved in all fields of knowledge. Interdisciplinary programs and actions offer a gateway into new domains of scientific investigation and enable CNRS to address the needs of society and industry. CNRS is organized in more than 1100 research units spread throughout France. These units are either intramural or in partnership with universities, other research organizations, or industry.

The work will be realized at Institute of Chemistry of Clermont-Ferrand, in the group Thermodynamics and Molecular Interactions (TIM). Research in the group combines experimental thermodynamics with molecular simulation to understand the relations between molecular structures and interactions and, physico-chemical properties of fluids at the interfaces.

A main strength of the team is the development of original methods, both experimental and modelling, with the construction of instruments (for calorimetry, measurement of solubility, phase equilibria or transport properties such as viscosity or diffusion coefficients) and the programming of computer codes to implement molecular theories (interaction models, statistical thermodynamics, simulation algorithms).


Involvement in the project:

Will offer expertise in high temperature calorific, volumetric to experimentally determine heat capacities, enthalpies and volumetric properties in the system.



Established in 1993, Zorlu Enerji is an energy company that aims to operate on different fields of energy sector providing a global scale integrated service.

Zorlu Enerji, which is a subsidiary of Zorlu Enerji companies, and the only publicly open company operates on various fields of the sector with an integrated corporate combination including electricity and steam generation and their retail, electricity sales, electricity distribution, solar panel sales and installation, natural gas sales and distribution, construction, management and maintenance of power plants and EV charging stations network.

Zorlu Enerji operates on various fields of the sector with its experience of 25 years. In our fields of operation, we are combining our well-established experience with our corporate values and make a difference among other players of the sector in engineering, supply, construction, management, maintenance and repair.


Involvement in the project:

Bring expertise in high enthalpy geothermal plant and will test GEOPRO at their Geothermal field.



FlowPhys AS is an SME located in the outskirts of Oslo, Norway. FlowPhys AS specializes in developing fast and efficient software for engineering analyses. The main product is the software FlowPhys, which is a finite element- based multi-physics software for general geometries in 1D, 2D, and 3D.

The FlowPhys software does not use external libraries; all the solution algorithms, matrix solvers, etc. are natively developed and programmed, making it flexible and relatively easy to create new bespoke software. Some of the algorithms and solvers have been highly optimized and are often several times faster than other commercial software.


Involvement in the project:

Will use the expertise in flow assurance simulations, perform 1D transient Flow Assurance Simulator (FAS) with thermodynamic models.



Technovative Solutions is an UK based SME providing solutions on design optimization, knowledge-based engineering, process automation, life cycle analysis and life cost analysis.

Our consultants are pioneer in KBE research in the UK. Our research is focused on highlighting how the KBE method can bring added value to achieve design automation and how KBE can help reduce the amount of time spent on various phases of the design life cycle. We have in-depth research and technical expertise in the adaptive modelling, generative modelling and common computation model of KBE, which are crucial for the successful execution of this project. Recent work in scientific and technological areas related to the research proposal include (i) informal and formal modelling of engineering processes for design automation using KBE;

(ii) a design study of a horizontal axis tidal turbine blade in KBE environment; and (iii) modelling and evaluating technologies used within the creation of KBE-driven virtual product development.

TVS has core expertise in the field of energy and environment assessment. Using different software we have assessed environmental performance of industrial technologies including energy production and construction material manufacturing from cradle to cradle life cycle perspectives.


Involvement in the project:

Will bring considerate experience from other Geothermal projects, will develop GEOPRO knowledge based database and decision support system and environmental impact analysis.



Reykjavik Energy (OR) is a public utility company providing electricity, geothermal water for heating, and cold water for consumption and firefighting. The service area extends to 20 municipalities, covering 67% of the Icelandic population. OR ‘s principal owner is the City of Reykjavík, and it provides its services through three subsidiaries; Veitur Utilities, ON Power and Reykjavík Fibre Network. The group harnesses hot water for direct use from geothermal fields in an area covering about 1/4th of Iceland and operates two co- generation high temperature geothermal plants at Hellisheidi and Nesjavellir where electricity and hot water is generated. Potable water is distributed from groundwater reservoirs and the group´s waste-water services meet wide environmental requirements.

OR and subsidiaries have over a century’s long experience with operating natural reservoirs for water and energy production and distribution. Overall production in 2018 corresponded to: Ca. 3.5 Terawatt hours in electricity and 100 Million cubic meters of hot water for direct use.


Involvement in the project:

Will bring in their expertise in supercritical well and will test GEOPRO at their geothermal field.



Equinor ASA is a global energy company committed to developing the energy needs of the future. We are 20,000 committed colleagues developing oil, gas, wind and solar energy in more than 30 countries worldwide. We are the largest operator in Norway, one of the world’s largest offshore operators, and a growing force in renewables. Driven by our Nordic urge to explore beyond the horizon and dedication to safety, equality and sustainability, we are developing the energy of the future. We are already innovators in offshore wind and a world leader in carbon capture and storage. Our ambition is to grow profitably and potentially expand into other sources of renewable energy. We believe that energy must not only be secure and sustainable, but also competitive. We are working tirelessly to develop reliable new energy solutions that are both green and cost- efficient.

Equinor is engaged in research and technology development in geothermal energy, building a competitive technology position. We have partnered with world leaders in the geothermal industry in joint international technology development initiatives. We consider the utilization of world-class geothermal resources in markets with growing demands for renewable energy will be a part of the future energy system. In addition, geothermal energy provides unique opportunities for social development in local communities.

Equinor Energy AS (the partner) is a subsidiary of Equinor ASA.


Involvement in the project:

Will bring their expertise in power generation and perform levelised cost of energy (LCoE).



NTNU is Norway’s main technical university with a strong tradition of close collaboration with national and international industry. NTNU has more than 42 000 students, of which half study technology and natural sciences. NTNU graduates annually 390 PhDs, based on a broad range of national and international research activities. With 4800 person-years in academic or scientific positions, NTNU is the largest in size nationally. NTNU is currently involved in more than 140 granted projects in H2020.


Involvement in the project:

Will bring extensive experience in EoS development and will assist in the development of GEOPRO models.



The Natuerlich Insheim GmbH was founded in 2021 as part of the Vulcan Energy Resources GmbH. The main task of the company is the promotion of geothermal energy in the Upper Rhine Graben. To reach this goal, Natuerlich Insheim GmbH is operating a deep geothermal power plant at the Insheim site in southern Palatinate (Germany). The plant generates a maximum electrical output of 4.8 megawatts using an Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC), which supplies up to 8 000 households with electrical energy at around 8 000 operating hours per year.

In terms of operation conditions and problems related to incomplete knowledge of fluid properties as targeted by the call, the Insheim Geothermal Power Plant can be considered as representative for mid-enthalpy geothermal systems in the Upper Rhine Graben, Europe’s prime area of EGS-type geothermal R&D.


Involvement in the project:

Brings their expertise in medium enthalpy geothermal plant and will test GeoPro at their Geothermal Field.



The University of Cologne (UoC) is one of the oldest and largest within Europe and is recognized for its high standards of graduate education and international reputation of academic accomplishment. In addition, a number of the Faculty’s research institutions are internationally recognized for their high levels of academic achievement. The University of Cologne is one of eleven German Universities of Excellence since 2012. Currently, more than 45.000 students are enrolled at UoC.

UoC ‘s EU-Office has a vast experience of successfully running research and training programmes and stands for outstanding collaboration and outreach. UoC currently manages various national, international, and EU funded research and training programmes under the Seventh Framework Programme, Horizon 2020 and Erasmus+. Among the current EU training programmes, UoC coordinates ITN, COFUND Project and a collaborative project (RIA). In addition, UoC participates in 25 additional H2020 projects, e.g. 7 Research and Innovation Actions, 4 ITN and various ERC Grants.


Involment in the project:

UoC will use their expertise in Computational Chemistry Simulations to simulate shperhot reservoir fluid chemistry.